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Головна Філологічні науки → Лексична сполучуваність компонентів сталих дієслівно-субстантивних виразів типу to give a smile, to have a look, to make a suggestion у сучасній англійській мові

компонентов устойчивых глагольно-субстантивных сочетаний типа to give a smile, to have a look, to make a suggestion в современном английском языке. – Рукопись.

Диссертация на соискание ученой степени кандидата филологических наук по специальности 10.02.04 – германские языки. – Львовский национальный университет имени Ивана Франко. – Львов, 2004.

Диссертация посвящена исследованию специфики и закономерностей лексической сочетаемости компонентов устойчивых глагольно-субстантивных словосочетаний нефразеологического характера, так называемых фразеоматических комплексов (фразем) типа to give a smile, to have a look, to make a suggestion в современном английском языке.

На основе принципов корпусной лексической грамматики проведено исследование комбинаторных свойств глаголов широкой семантики do, give, get, have, keep, make, put, take в составе устойчивых глагольно-субстантивных сочетаний. Впервые установлен семантический объем существительных, сочетающихся с указанными широкозначными операторами. Изучены также основные виды парадигматической связи, в которой находятся устойчивые сочетания вследствие лексической вариантности глагольных компонентов (сочетания-синонимы и сочетания-конверсивы). В результате проведенного исследования доказано, что сочетаемость компонентов устойчивых словосочетаний указанного типа лексически и семантически мотивирована: заполнение позиции субстантивного компонента программируется набором смысловых характеристик глагола. Выбор глагольного компонента может диктоваться узусом.

Ключевые слова: корпусная лексическая грамматика, сочетаемость, лексическая сочетаемость, устойчивые словосочетания нефразеологического типа, лексические конверсивы.



RESUME


Fedorenko O.I. Lexical Collocability of Components in Fixed Verbo-Nominal Phrases of the Type to give a smile, to have a look, to make a suggestion in Modern English. – Manuscript.

A dissertation for the Scholarly Degree of Candidate of Philology in speciality 10.02.04 – Germanic Languages. – L'viv Ivan Franko National Univesity. – L'viv, 2004.

The present dissertation has been mainly concerned with one type of collocations, namely fixed verbo-nominal phrases correlated with monolexemic verbs (to give a smile – to smile, to have a look – to look, to make a suggestion – to suggest) which are highly productive and have a high frequency rate of occurrence in present-day English. It is an attempt at a thorough analysis of lexical collocability of their components with particular reference to the linguistic problem of lexical patterning and collocational properties of words.

Lexical collocability has been subjected to investigation as recent work in computational linguistics and the analysis of large bodies of text have brought a general awareness of the importance of strongly collocating elements. Such elements are variously known as ''fixed phrases'', ''recurrent combinations'', ''lexical phrases'', or ''collocations'' and there is a growing recognition that these are by no means peripheral to language description.

Modern corpus-based lexico-grammar directs our attention to the corpus data and points out that lexical patterning is very much more repetitive than the mainstream linguistics suggested. Very often words live in specific environments and in certain combinations they tend to appear with the same ''companions''. A language user has available to him or her a large number of semi-preconstructed phrases that constitute single choices, even though they might appear to be analyzable into segments.

The dissertation consists of an introduction, three chapters, conclusions, lists of references and an appendix.

Chapter I elaborates the methodological foundation for the investigation of lexical collocability. It focuses on the linguistic problem of word combinability, lexical patterning and collocational properties of words. The problem presents a vast field of investigation that should be pursued. The chapter provides an analysis of the existing points of view on the definition of lexical collocability, classification of lexical collocations, as well as methods of research. It argues for the significance of fixed verbo-nominal phrases in oral and written discourse and the necessity of comprehending the nature and peculiarities of lexical collocability of their components in Modern English.

Chapter II assesses the current linguistic status of such collocations. Fixed non-idiomatic verbo-nominal phrases of the type under study are seen as the result of nominalization and analytical tendencies traced in the English syntax. Recurrent patterns of this kind function as a single nominative unit denoting an action. The splitting of nomination into two components (verbal and nominal) is not arbitrary and serves a number of nominative and communicative functions. The analysis shows that the categorical semantics of the nominal components is not uniform. They may denote multiple or instantaneous actions, result, causative agent, period or interval of the action, state or condition, quality, power or ability. The extensive use of such verbo-nominal collocations can be accounted for by a number of reasons which become obvious when we compare these patterns with their correlating monolexemic verbs. Fixed verbo-nominal phrases are described as having a wider range of functions. Their numerous advantages are identified and illustrated with respect to their semantics, stylistic and syntagmatic properties.

Chapter III is devoted to the study of lexical collocability of the components in fixed verbo-nominal phrases on the principles of corpus-based lexico-grammar. A detailed analysis of collocational properties of verbs with broad semantics do, give, get, have, keep, make, put, take which serve as functional components in fixed verbo-nominal phrases has been undertaken in this chapter. Lexico-semantic groups of nouns collocating with these verbs are set up. Combinability of components in verbo-nominal phrases is not arbitrary being motivated by their lexico-grammatical content. Verbs displaying opposite direction of the action make up convertible phrases. Verbo-nominal sequences in which functional components collocate with different lexico-semantic variants of one and the same noun differ in their meaning. Within verbo-nominal phrases lexical items may be subject to collocational restrictions.

The findings of the submitted dissertation will contribute to the theory of word combinability. They may also find application in foreign language teaching for one can hardly doubt the importance of collocations as a specific layer of the language system and the necessity to teach them systematically.

Key words: corpus-based lexico-grammar, combinability, lexical collocability, lexical patterning, fixed non-idiomatic phrases, lexical convertibility.






Підписано до друку 10.03.2004-05-12 Формат 60х84/16. Папір офс.

Друк-різографія. Ум. друк. арк. 0,9.

Наклад 100 прим. Зам. № 503.


Віддруковано в ТзОВ "Сплайн"

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